Landscape

Rev Rex A E Hunt, MSc(Hons)
Spirit of Life Unitarian Fellowship
Kirribilli NSW


THE LANDSCAPE IS… AUSTRALIA’S NATURAL WONDER

The capacity of the natural world to inspire a religious response from humans
has long been recognised.

In several essays, philosopher and naturalist Jerome Stone has said
that taking nature to heart does not leave a person with any fewer spiritual benefits
        than taking to heart the teachings of supernaturalist traditions.

In a frequently used quotation his language becomes direct:
"If we can go to special places, built by humans, which are designated as sacred, surely we can go to special places, shaped naturally, which are recognised as sacred…"

As you would have recalled by now from some of my books and previous Addresses,
an umbrella title given to this philosophy of life is called Religious Naturalism (RN).
        A philosophy which has helped shape my life
        and spirituality for many years.

A Religious orientation that includes spiritual responses,
which can include feelings of appreciation, gratitude, humility, reverence, and joy,
        at the wonder of being alive.

And Naturalist views, where the scientific understanding of nature
serves as the starting point, and its religious potential is then explored.
        A central story is the Epic of Evolution.

In summary: religious naturalism is a quest for wisdom from wherever it may come…
        from the symbols, myths and rituals of the world’s diverse religious traditions,
        from literature and the arts, from the intricate splendours of indigenous knowledge
                  to the mind-bending ways of the modern sciences.

So for me and other religious naturalists of my acquaintance,
being a religious naturalist is appreciating and caring about the wonders and beauty of life,
         and trying to learn to act in ways that contribute to well-being.

More than two centuries ago, the English poet, painter, and printmaker William Blake (1757–1827)
wrote four of the most often quoted lines in English literature…

They are the opening lines of his 1803 poem Auguries of Innocence:
To see a world in a grain of sand / And a heaven in a wild flower / Hold infinity in the palm of your hand / And eternity in an hour…

As many a naturalist and biologist has claimed, with Blake,
to indeed see a world in a grain of sand,
"to peer so deeply into the nature of any one thing that the riches of the Universe begin to
be revealed— that is the essence of science as a quest… for understanding one’s deepest nature."

So with this in mind, and with help from learned friends,
I offer a more humble ‘peer’ around the face of the earth…
        the Australian landscape earth.

oo0oo

Ancient and Dry Landscape
We live on the third piece of debris from the Sun.
A tiny world of rock and metal with a thin veneer of organic matter on the surface,
        a tiny fraction of which we happen to constitute.

Part of that debris is Australia - an ancient and distinctive land,
with animals and plant life that are quite remarkable in their own right.

Theologian Gerard Moore reflects:
"It is a land unlike any other, weathered to an unimaginable flatness with a consequent vastness of sky, space and light. A corollary is that the land is virtually unbounded; artificial boundaries are soon rendered inconsequential."

Although most people would consider the Australian continent
to be one solid landmass, geologist now tell us
        it is actually more like a giant jigsaw puzzle of at least three former continents
        that has been put together over many millions of years.

Ancient, yes! With a huge, prehuman memory.
And with an outback where nature reigns supreme!
        Unspoiled beauty. Space, and freedom.
                  Except of course for open-cut mining and former nuclear weapon sites.

But it is also shrouded in mystery and presence
especially as experienced by Indigenous/First Peoples of Australia.

For Australia’s First Peoples landscape was a ritual, mythic, ceremonial landscape.
“[F]or tens of millennia before the name Australia was applied to the country there was a clan-by-clan, ceremonial-group by ceremonial-group map of the country”.

The Walpiri people of Central Australia have a special word for ‘earth’.
They call it jukurrpa, Dreaming. It is said the Dreaming
“binds people, flora, fauna and natural phenomena into one enormous inter-functioning world… At particular ceremonial sites [they] re-enacted he journey and acts of creation of a particular hero ancestor, and by doing that they sustained the earth.”

Up until a few years ago, when popular conversations began to focus in
on the Australian landscape—notably the outback, those able to recall
        their primary school education may well have remembered some words
        from another poet, Dorothea Mackellar (1885–1968).

At least the second verse of her poem, My Country:
I love a sunburnt country / A land of sweeping plains / Of ragged mountain ranges / Of drought and flooding rains…

Indeed! It’s worth noting that when the First Fleet arrived the continent
‘was in the midst of one of the most significant El Nino events in recorded history’.

But Australia is also more than this.
More than a collection of deserts rimmed by a narrow coastal strip.
        It may have a dry heart
        But it also has a green soul.

oo0oo

Green Landscape
For the first 20 years of colonisation both artists and botanists were wrestling with the landscape.
In both letters and sketches many were unable, initially,
        to appreciate the beauty and diverse range of environments of the Australian bush.

Contradictory responses abounded. ‘very romantic, beautifully formed by nature…’.  ‘the worst country in the world…’.
The early colonists saw either beauty or usefulness.

But by the late 1850s there was what can only be called a significant change.
Of primary fascination in Victoria, for instance, was the Dandenongs,
especially the gullies of tree ferns and the huge mountain ash.

Likewise Mount Wellington in Tasmania, the Blue Mountains in NSW,
and the wildflowers in WA, became centres of botanical exploration and research.
        And appreciation.

Initially interest in tree ferns was on their height rather than their beauty.
(Many were as much as twenty feet high.)

On a visit to Hobart in 1839 Charles Darwin remarked:
"In some of the dampest ravines, tree-ferns flourished in an extraordinary manner… The foliage of these trees, forming so many most elegant parasols, created a gloomy shade, like that of the first hour of night."

Others described their encounters with tree-ferns as
an ‘enchanted valley… exquisitely beautiful’…

The pursuit of scientific knowledge and aesthetic appreciation went hand-and-hand.
"The wonder of giant eucalypts, elegant tree ferns, and the smaller, dainty fern varieties, involved science and sentiment coming together and contributing to an Australian imaginative framework."

Such search for wonder, a cultivated interest in nature, and
the ability to describe and present a scene’s noteworthiness,
        provided a way of observing the ‘green’ landscape of Australia
        in all its variety.

oo0oo

Ecological Beauty and Wonder
What we do now, or don’t do now,
is going to have enormous consequences for the future.
        Especially around climate change which demands that we live differently.

The ecological system in which we surely ‘live and move and have our being’
—or call it nature and history—is the ground that nourishes and sustains us.

We are members of the great universe community.
We are not on the outside looking in:
          we are within the universe,
          awakening to the universe.
We participate in its life.
We are listening to Earth tell its story…

The beauty of nature is a fundamental aspect
of the human relationship with the wider natural world.

When we walk along a sandy beach or trek into a desert,
survey the beauty of mountains, a tree fern gully, a summer sunset,
or experience a Birdsville luminous night sky - minus the city light pollution,
        the awe and wonder we experience is
        nature awakening us to the heights and depths of reality
                  which we have neglected.

Religion is born out of a sense of wonder and awe.
We will recover our sense of wonder and our sense of sacred
        only if we appreciate the universe beyond ourselves.
                  The landscape.
                  The sky above, the earth below.
                  The grasses, the flowers, the forests, the fauna.

See the world synthesised in a flower, a sea, or in  a human being.
Catch glimpses of the whole of reality.
        Contemplate your own life blended with the total movement of life.
                    "Envisaging the wider reaches of reality not only enlarges the scope of living,
                    but it sensitizes our feel for life and beautifies its quality."

If we were actually to pay attention to what surround us, then at the very least,
we would notice changes in the seasonal flights of birds.
        We would notice if the mosquito population doubled or tripled
        We would notice if more and more trees had dead limbs.
                    Instead of reading about the effects of global warming,
                    we would notice them in our daily experience!

So next time you go for a bush walk, pay attention.
You will see life in action!

And when you see life in action, ask yourself:
what is there under the surface that makes life not a solo affair
          but a dance between partners?

And what is there that links this specific instance of lifeto other lives and to our whole Earth?
          "If you keep asking, you will uncover wondrous things!” (John Palka)


Bibliography
Barrett, J. Edward. “Pragmatism, Process, and Courage” in W. C. Peden & L. E. Axel. (ed). New Essays in Religious Naturalism. Highlands Institute Series 2. Georgia: Mercer University Press, 1993
Berry, Thomas.
“Sacred Moments” in Mary E Tucker & John Grim. (ed). Thomas Berry: Selected Writings on the Earth Community. New York. Orbis Books, 2014
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“Toward a Humanist Vocabulary of Reverence”. Boulder International Humanist Institute, Fourth Annual Symposium, Boulder, Colorado. 22 February 2003. (Accessed 20 December 2015). <http://www.uua.org/sites/live-new.uua.org/files/documents/bumbaughdavid/humanist_reverence.pdf>
Horne, Julia.
The Pursuit of Wonder. How Australia’s Landscape was Explored, Nature Discovered and Tourism Unleased. Carlton. Miegunyah, 2005.
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Looking to Nature. Exploring a Modern Way of Being Spiritual without the Supernatural. Berkeley. Apocryphile, 2020.
Meland, Bernard E.
 Modern Man’s Worship. A Search for Reality in Religion. New York. Harper & Brothers, 1934
Moore, Gerard.
“Sacramentality: An Australian Perspective” in Christian Worship in Australia. Inculturating the Liturgical Tradition, edited by S. Burns and A. Monro, 139–53. Strathfield: St. Pauls, 2009.
Palka, John.
“To See a World in a Grain of Sand”. 15 November 2015. <https://naturesdepths.com/> And “A Banquet for Butterflies and Bumblebees” 30 August 2020
Sagan, C.
The Varieties of Scientific Experience. A Personal View of the Search for God. (ed). Ann Druyan. New York. Penguin, 2006.
Stone, Jerome A.
Sacred Nature. The Environmental Potential of Religious Naturalism. Abingdon. Routledge, 2017.

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